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Заводская лаборатория. Диагностика материалов

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Рентгеновские методы осевого фазового контраста и осевой голографии

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Аннотация

Приведено сравнительное описание методов осевого рентгеновского фазоконтрастного изображения при распространении излучения в свободном пространстве за образцом: методов фазового контраста и голографии. Экспериментальная реализация методов при прочих равных условиях определяется расстоянием между объектом исследования и плоскостью детектирования. Показано, что это обстоятельство делает методы отличными друг от друга как по условиям эксперимента, так и способам реконструкции изображения и областям применения. Рассмотрены способы получения фазоконтрастных проекций, восстановления двух- и трехмерных изображений исследуемого объекта в реальном пространстве, а также использования рассматриваемых методов для изучения конденсированных сред. Подробно освещен метод осевого фазового контраста с использованием жесткого рентгеновского излучения в ближнем поле, показавший свою эффективность в области биомедицины и материаловедения.

Об авторе

В. В. Лидер
Институт кристаллографии им. А. В. Шубникова РАН
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Лидер В.В. Рентгеновские методы осевого фазового контраста и осевой голографии. Заводская лаборатория. Диагностика материалов. 2015;81(12):32-40.

For citation:


Lider V.V. X-Ray Methods of In-Line Phase Contrast and Holography. Industrial laboratory. Diagnostics of materials. 2015;81(12):32-40. (In Russ.)

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